Recently, we are talking about quotation, translation, referring and sampling which all related with understanding references. In this sketch problem, an expectation was producing a 3D model which refers a specific case and I did quote from Double House by MVRDV. My quotation is about the front facade of Double House which is related to the idea of subdivision.
Recently, I was working on some case study and expected to generate collage and collage-model of those studies. Also, I had two keywords to generate a certain approach or theme which were ‘leaping from edges’ and ‘dominate under-handedly’. Actually, the keywords were considered as an initiator but it was very harsh for me because the keywords were not exactly meaningful so expected to create a particular approach for nine different houses. So I started with some general and detail information about the houses and architects as well.
Leaping from edges: I define the keyword as a fragmentation which generates boxes with a different function and also I thought that re-form the initial bound with the division of the single box.
Dominate under-handedly: I thought that the keywords control the fragmentation and multiplying of boxes which is the deeper idea rather than obvious.
- Le Corbusier Villa, Stein was the first step of my research.
”understanding of the organisms inside the rigid packing, absolutely pure”
”…in the staircases and curved walls considered by Le Corbusier as compressed bodies”
I was curious about rigid packing idea (may be obsessive manner) and too much focused that cubism theory, I locked in and started to define and search this idea on the other houses too.
- Richard Neutra, Kaufmann House
I considered Kaufmann House as fragmentation and multiplying of a single box for the different purpose because the center of the house is the living room and the dining room that is the heart of house and family activity and the rest of house branches out like a pinwheel with has an own specific function. Also, user and environmental conditions, in my opinion, linked with the Villa Stein. Neutra said that about Kaufmann House surroundings ”the weather, the silver-white moonlight, and the starry sky”. Generally, the space divided by horizontal planes and the only vertical element is the rooftop space and the living area ‘core’ served as a hub and the pinwheel so stated that the four arms with one volume rooms. To sum up, I linked Villa Stein and Kaufmann House on the idea of fragmentation of single box.
- Charles and Ray Eames, Eames House
Charles described the house as ”unselfconscious”
I wanted to say that Eames House is the house of list of houses. Again, the idea of box occurred too because two boxes serve different functions which one is for residence and the other one is a studio. Also, the use of materials on the interior bring the residence closer to nature, giving the appearance of the house resting softly on the earth. I liked to idea of two boxes for different purposes such as public and private spaces are naturally defined by what is easily visible and also there is no major division between two boxes. Also, facade reminded me Mondrian’s work because the house is an unrolling scroll of a Mondrian painting. So I did stuck idea of boxes with different functions.
- MVRDV, Double House
Double House designed for two families and extremely beautiful facade. Basically, the house simple vertical subdivision of the volume and tied together in a box of glass and wood. One living room occupies entire first floor and another one occupies the second floor. Also, front view of the house shared equally by two families and has two different entrances.
In this point, I think to represent the collage work which is not exactly collage but collage-ish works like a presentation sheet.
As I said, I was preparing identification of idea with some visuals instead of collage work and of course after studio session critics it was heart-breaker time.
In this step, Studio expected to a 3D Collage Model in the way that same approach with the collage work. So, I define a core or heart part which group of two different elements and than the other parts created by core in the way that leaping from the edges (moves and create an extension) and overlapping with the same elements. The other parts have different relations with the core like in the collage work.
In the third step, I re-analysed the cases to define a certain approach. So I re-categorized them according to users and environmental relation. In this point Villa Stein is the initiator point for me because users of the house wanted to get away from noisy central Paris and move a healthy surroundings. Therefore, I considered Villa Stein is a something like isolation from people. Like Tadao Ando’s idea about the house which house is the place that works as an isolation from outside environment and creates a specific environment to develop itself with needs of users. So I categorized Villa Stein as an isolation group with Kaufmann House and Eames House. The concepts of isolation occur in Kaufmann House as well because house provides privacy inside the house but also a comfortable outside space too. And also as location, it is very close to a desert and which gives freedom and isolation too. Eames House is specifically designed for the two different function and between two boxes, there is courtyard space which kind of linker part for two boxes and environment. The other category for the cases is in-isolation which I define as a privacy inside the house but it is not completed separation of the outside too. For example, Double House by MVRDV. (I like very much this building in the first step because of a sketch about the form of the building.) Double House designed for two family users in the downtown of Utrecht/ HOLLAND. Somehow (impressively) designed the house very generic and linked with environment too (front facade). So final category defined by combination of first and second category. I could not name it but as a definition this category absolute division between outside environment and inner space. So I done some researches and met with Row House also known as Azuma House as well. Row House made throughout of exposed concrete and downtown district of Osaka. Ando’ attitude was very clearly an axially symmetrical composition so entire site has been divided longitudinally into three parts. It was very brilliant idea to block and interrupt the relation with outside environment and gives an isolation space inside the house. (Additional information about Azuma House, for the purpose of isolation, weight of walls are very bold)
As a final step, I re-thinked about the approach in my previous and got some ideas in lecture hour too. Sampling, referring and translation are one of the important keywords about the assignment. In this step, I produced a collage and 3D Collage Model with same approach with the previous steps. I thought that similar conditions related with each other and actually they are referring each other unconsciously. For example, Villa Stein’s front facade and back facade are different from each other because back facade somehow is more close to nature and represent itself with the scale of openings. However, back facade of Villa Stein and Kaufmann rear facade qualities are in the same approach like both of them opens to landscape and creates isolated spaces from outside space. Also, Kaufmann House street facade and Row House front facade is very much similar because both of them closed to relation with outside. Generally, I tried to focus on referring parts and how relate each other. Actually, in general manner there is a same approach with the Step II.
Final step of 3D Collage Model, I tried to apply a different strategy which is grouping idea. Basically, groups are different from each other in the way that using elements differently and their relationship. Groups were produced seperately but I had idea of murged them together.
In the Group I, there is a box which produced by overlapping two different elements and this mass (I define as a core which dominate the main movements) extent itself in particular edges. The extension part creates (white elements) a different mass which creates some spaces with the relation of two different elements. I wanted to create some same encloser but as a definition of space very little and barerly connects with Group II, so I wanted to be more isolated and stands itself.
In the Group II, there is similar approach as a strategy with Group I but there is a certain differentiation in the relations with elements and Group I because Group II extends itself to Group I and creates some spaces.
The combination of two groups:
The need for architectural survey derives from the desire to identify the significant physical elements of our past in order that may be preserved and protected for future generations.
There are 4 major step in the architectural survey:
- Establishing the purpose for the survey
- Conducting research
- Undertaking fieldwork
- Preparing a written report
As a simplistic definition of architectural survey is the action of drawing and measuring a building to analyze its characteristic.
We recently studied on architectural survey. Our campus was our field and we did split different groups for the different locations. We as a group of 8, expected plan, elevation and two sections so we decided to share the workload. I worked on plan drawing with my two friends. As a beginning, there was a lecture hour for the how we measure properly without new technology. The most important thing is using u-tube properly because every other measurement depends on it. So we started to define zero height or one-meter height points. After that major step, we used cross measurement which is basically verifying the single points at least two other points so that the point defined by others two different points. The circles were very confusing in the first place but after several tries, we created different groups for different points.
I know it is very complicated but in the program of AutoCAD it is very easy to understand which point defined by circles and which do not have that identification. This is my part of the plan actually.
Recently, I am pretty curious about the cars and it is not just about driving a car, it is more like about the technological stuff, engines, security improvements and design as well. I discovered a lovely a website about the evolution of Seat Ibiza model and want to share with you.
They start with the first Ibıza model in 1984 and give some information about the engine but I do not want to talk about the numbers. The special thing is they link the Ibiza models with popular music, movie and technological stuff in that time.
I want to you with my selections of that list and show the evolution of Ibiza.
1st Generation Ibiza – 1984/1992
”Thriller”, Michael Jackson (1984) — Back to the Future (1985) — Apple the first computer
2nd Generation Ibiza – 1993/2001
”Don’t look at back in anger”, Oasis (1996) — Pulp Fiction (1994) — Doly the first cloned sheep
3rd Generation Ibiza – 2002/2007
”Harder to Breathe”, Maroon 5 (2003) — The Pirates of Caribbean (2003) — Apple the first İphone
My personal favourite is 3rd generation Ibiza because it is the car for using inner-city and also the design is especially the interior design is the beginning of the present day design. (I hope get one 3rd generation Ibiza in my education life- Daddy please hear me!!!)
4th Generation Ibiza – 2008-2012
”Sex on Fire”, Kings of Leon (2008) — The Dark Knight (2008) — NASA’s Lcross mission found water on Moon
If you want to look at Seat official website about the evolution of Ibiza:http://www.seat.com/infographic/seat-ibiza-30-years.html
I want to finish my post with an old model Chevrolet Impala
Photos taken by : https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/SEAT_Ibiza
I am very much enjoying reading and watching science fiction. Actually, I am kind of cinema boy that’s why I watched Ender’s Game in the cinema in 2013. Orson Scott Card is the creator of Ender’s Game series. He is an American novelist, critic, public speaker and columnist. He won the Hugo and Nebula Awards with Ender’s Game. Series contains six books with starting with Ender’s Game. The fiction is about survival wars between humans and insects. Ender Andrew is a boy only 11 years old and he is at academy of military. First War between humans and insects, was very devastating so human kind wanted to prepare next wave. They develop a new program about to raise a leader against alien insects. Andrew Ender is the one who will save the world. I am starting to read first book of the series. Additionally, the movie reached 6,7 over 10 in International Movie Database, some critic users did not like it but in my opinion it is not about the scenario.
Here is trailer of Ender’s Game movie : http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1731141/
After a necessary vacation, we are starting to little sketch problems such as this one. My question was ‘what if The Red House by William Morris was designed by SANAA. Firstly, I have done some research for the background because such a question requires an information about characteristic features about The Red House and SANAA architecture firm. So, The Red House was designed as a family home in first place but now it is using as Arts and Crafts Museum in Southeast England. The significant of this building is about the L-shaped plan and also the house reflects William Morris ideas about the community at that time. The Red House is the example of Tudor Gothic Style which identifies itself with historicizing elements so clearly there are some certain qualities about the building but of course with limited time I could not create a certain plan about it but I have some ideas.
If you want to detail indormation about Arts and Crafts Museum, check it out
About SANAA, I had a lot of research and I said that I wish to meet them last term because they have amazing works and styles. SANAA is a multiple award-winning architecture firm which created by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishiwaza. They have a lot of amazing works but I just looked some their well-knowns works and tried to understand their style. And Grace Farms and Serpentine Pavilion are quite interesting and I tried to read the author’s ideas about the projects and clearly they are very much interest in extensive use of glass which is quite different than others such as they want to create reflections which creates a different experience. Also, as I read in the magazines, they concern with aesthetics. Additionally SANAA is synonymous with contemporary Japanese architecture and their purpose not just looking good structure, they are also concerning about shaping and changing our daily life. Also, they do not want to create strict boundaries between spaces and they prefer layered spaces with no clear boundaries.
SANAA official website: http://www.sanaa.co.jp/
Official website of Grace Farms: http://gracefarms.org/
The article in the archdaily about Grace Farms: http://www.archdaily.com/775319/grace-farms-sanaa
Here is my quick response and first draft of the ‘what if’ question. I am working on it right now so ‘Stay tuned for my next post’
The ancient empire of the Mauryan dynasty fell apart in the early second BCE and India reverted to feudal fragmentation. Amultitude of local dynasties took charge of many small state. Those states had different religious and temples like similarly the empire nation was very fragmented. Uniform monotheism of Christianity after the fall of Rome, religious beliefs in India have multiplied such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. So they needed a new architectural expressions for those religious. Also pilgrimage shrines and sacred caves relics axquired greater ritual importance of the centers of political power. The principal temples and monasteries appeared in remote areas away from the major cities and attracted a continuous flow of pilgrims.
The Caves at Bhaja
Buddhists sponsored projects for chaitya halls and monasteries across the northern and central regions of Indai. The best preserved examples remained those carved in the clifts. And they continued to build stupas, temples, monasteries and rock-cut sanctuaries. The caves at Bhaja, were the earliest Indian rock-cut temples. They made quite explict the crossover of the traditions of wooden architecture into stone hall and they were like almost freestanding buildings. Alsa they gave impressions of what the vanished wooden structures. There was only one enter to chaitya hall at Bhaja ( with a horseshoe-shaped arch) and as generally they have some strong relations and resemblance with early Chrisitian basilicas.
The gupta dynasty left most architectural patronage to the high ranking members of the court. Gupta designers added a small temple with a colonnaded porch in around 400 which know as Temple 17. Built of mortarless ashlar blocks, it is almost as if a rock-cut temple had been extracted from the cliffs and transported to the site. The porch carries two pairs of monolithic columns which was appeared quite complex. The perceftly square, windowless temple remained as dark as rock-cut caves and served for the devotional contemplation of an image. The Gupta court also sponsored caves which were quite similar in format to Temple 17. Caves 6 and 7 share a similar treatment of T-shaped door-jambs and pilasters in the same style as the porch columns.
The authority of Gupta dynasty began to falter in 467 after the invasions of Huns. The Pandava ratha lacked wheels but included five monolithic buildings and a few outscaled animals. One elephant was carved from a massive loaf a gneiss stone with 60m lon and 12m high. A rectangular walled precinct surronded the whole in the Indian version of a temenos known as a parkara. Four of the temples followed a linear sequence like a procession, depicting stone simulacra of conventional buildings of the time. The penultimate took the form of a two story palace carved from a single block of stone but looking as if was built of wooden joinery. Its barrel-vault roof carried horseshoe arch dormers and tiny balconies.