Recently, I was working on some case study and expected to generate collage and collage-model of those studies. Also, I had two keywords to generate a certain approach or theme which were ‘leaping from edges’ and ‘dominate under-handedly’. Actually, the keywords were considered as an initiator but it was very harsh for me because the keywords were not exactly meaningful so expected to create a particular approach for nine different houses. So I started with some general and detail information about the houses and architects as well.
Leaping from edges: I define the keyword as a fragmentation which generates boxes with a different function and also I thought that re-form the initial bound with the division of the single box.
Dominate under-handedly: I thought that the keywords control the fragmentation and multiplying of boxes which is the deeper idea rather than obvious.
- Le Corbusier Villa, Stein was the first step of my research.
”understanding of the organisms inside the rigid packing, absolutely pure”
”…in the staircases and curved walls considered by Le Corbusier as compressed bodies”
I was curious about rigid packing idea (may be obsessive manner) and too much focused that cubism theory, I locked in and started to define and search this idea on the other houses too.
- Richard Neutra, Kaufmann House
I considered Kaufmann House as fragmentation and multiplying of a single box for the different purpose because the center of the house is the living room and the dining room that is the heart of house and family activity and the rest of house branches out like a pinwheel with has an own specific function. Also, user and environmental conditions, in my opinion, linked with the Villa Stein. Neutra said that about Kaufmann House surroundings ”the weather, the silver-white moonlight, and the starry sky”. Generally, the space divided by horizontal planes and the only vertical element is the rooftop space and the living area ‘core’ served as a hub and the pinwheel so stated that the four arms with one volume rooms. To sum up, I linked Villa Stein and Kaufmann House on the idea of fragmentation of single box.
- Charles and Ray Eames, Eames House
Charles described the house as ”unselfconscious”
I wanted to say that Eames House is the house of list of houses. Again, the idea of box occurred too because two boxes serve different functions which one is for residence and the other one is a studio. Also, the use of materials on the interior bring the residence closer to nature, giving the appearance of the house resting softly on the earth. I liked to idea of two boxes for different purposes such as public and private spaces are naturally defined by what is easily visible and also there is no major division between two boxes. Also, facade reminded me Mondrian’s work because the house is an unrolling scroll of a Mondrian painting. So I did stuck idea of boxes with different functions.
- MVRDV, Double House
Double House designed for two families and extremely beautiful facade. Basically, the house simple vertical subdivision of the volume and tied together in a box of glass and wood. One living room occupies entire first floor and another one occupies the second floor. Also, front view of the house shared equally by two families and has two different entrances.
In this point, I think to represent the collage work which is not exactly collage but collage-ish works like a presentation sheet.
As I said, I was preparing identification of idea with some visuals instead of collage work and of course after studio session critics it was heart-breaker time.
In this step, Studio expected to a 3D Collage Model in the way that same approach with the collage work. So, I define a core or heart part which group of two different elements and than the other parts created by core in the way that leaping from the edges (moves and create an extension) and overlapping with the same elements. The other parts have different relations with the core like in the collage work.
In the third step, I re-analysed the cases to define a certain approach. So I re-categorized them according to users and environmental relation. In this point Villa Stein is the initiator point for me because users of the house wanted to get away from noisy central Paris and move a healthy surroundings. Therefore, I considered Villa Stein is a something like isolation from people. Like Tadao Ando’s idea about the house which house is the place that works as an isolation from outside environment and creates a specific environment to develop itself with needs of users. So I categorized Villa Stein as an isolation group with Kaufmann House and Eames House. The concepts of isolation occur in Kaufmann House as well because house provides privacy inside the house but also a comfortable outside space too. And also as location, it is very close to a desert and which gives freedom and isolation too. Eames House is specifically designed for the two different function and between two boxes, there is courtyard space which kind of linker part for two boxes and environment. The other category for the cases is in-isolation which I define as a privacy inside the house but it is not completed separation of the outside too. For example, Double House by MVRDV. (I like very much this building in the first step because of a sketch about the form of the building.) Double House designed for two family users in the downtown of Utrecht/ HOLLAND. Somehow (impressively) designed the house very generic and linked with environment too (front facade). So final category defined by combination of first and second category. I could not name it but as a definition this category absolute division between outside environment and inner space. So I done some researches and met with Row House also known as Azuma House as well. Row House made throughout of exposed concrete and downtown district of Osaka. Ando’ attitude was very clearly an axially symmetrical composition so entire site has been divided longitudinally into three parts. It was very brilliant idea to block and interrupt the relation with outside environment and gives an isolation space inside the house. (Additional information about Azuma House, for the purpose of isolation, weight of walls are very bold)
As a final step, I re-thinked about the approach in my previous and got some ideas in lecture hour too. Sampling, referring and translation are one of the important keywords about the assignment. In this step, I produced a collage and 3D Collage Model with same approach with the previous steps. I thought that similar conditions related with each other and actually they are referring each other unconsciously. For example, Villa Stein’s front facade and back facade are different from each other because back facade somehow is more close to nature and represent itself with the scale of openings. However, back facade of Villa Stein and Kaufmann rear facade qualities are in the same approach like both of them opens to landscape and creates isolated spaces from outside space. Also, Kaufmann House street facade and Row House front facade is very much similar because both of them closed to relation with outside. Generally, I tried to focus on referring parts and how relate each other. Actually, in general manner there is a same approach with the Step II.
Final step of 3D Collage Model, I tried to apply a different strategy which is grouping idea. Basically, groups are different from each other in the way that using elements differently and their relationship. Groups were produced seperately but I had idea of murged them together.
In the Group I, there is a box which produced by overlapping two different elements and this mass (I define as a core which dominate the main movements) extent itself in particular edges. The extension part creates (white elements) a different mass which creates some spaces with the relation of two different elements. I wanted to create some same encloser but as a definition of space very little and barerly connects with Group II, so I wanted to be more isolated and stands itself.
In the Group II, there is similar approach as a strategy with Group I but there is a certain differentiation in the relations with elements and Group I because Group II extends itself to Group I and creates some spaces.
The combination of two groups: