Rethinking of what if question generated that new question: ‘What if Kaufmann House designed by Tadao Ando in Koshino House’s site?’. Therefore I tried to adopt the Koshino House’s site into my own design. Koshino House’s site is in the urban context which settled in a residential area and also it is very green zone as well because it is on the edge of the forest.
The site in my design has same qualities with Koshino House and also there are new inputs like a residential area followed across the street by the apartments buildings 3-4 stories height. On the north site of the field, the structure meets with a high density of people but on the south side of it meets with forest. The structure reacts differently those two different conditions. There is a similar contrast between West and East as well. On the East side, there is another residential building which separated by natural elements. On the west side of the field, the structure meets with entertainment area with cafes and bars. Therefore, I created a generic wall which controls the four site of the building and creates different relations with each other. The Generic wall is referring to Tadao Ando’s wall articulations. In detail, in the Koshino House and House in Utsubo are about the light and Invisible House is about the field structure relation. Also, the relation between structure and nature I tried to attain same quality with Koshino House. Therefore I tried to emplace to the green zone inside the structure and to design like ” the whole building works as a device that systematically draws ‘nature’ inside”.
I recently worked on Proposal and for the start, I re-analysed the case study. Kaufmann House by Richard Neutra was my major case study actually because I worked on it in the previous assignment as well. So, there is a core or the heart space in the Kaufmann House and spatial configuration depends on the core. The organization is like a pinwheel around the core or can be defined as a branching from the core. The core multiples itself and creates the wings which have different spatial qualities as well so like a combination of multiplying and diversify operations. Also, the relation between wings and the core is very much similar because the wings defined by the same method which is growing from cardinal points of the core. Additionally, the relation between the wings is not something similar to each other because some parts are more close or very far away from each other. So, I thought that I can refer to that kind of the spatial organization in my proposal.
About the spatial configuration, Wall House 2 was the powerful reference at this stage. I thought that the symbolic wall is the separation element of the private and public spaces. It was the initial inspiration for the Wall House 2 and it was kind of not logical supporting idea because the separation generated by the branching organization. (locations of wings and the relation between them already separate those kinds of functions) Also in this stage, the function or users were not our concern as well. As a general critic studio was about this kind of division of the spaces like private and public. The important and useful thing is to understand the spatial qualities of references. For example, in the Kaufmann House’s master bedroom looks the courtyard but it is still private. Now I do not want to separate the spaces this kind of simplest idea. On the other hand, the second idea about the symbolic wall is giving an identity without any functional concern. Actually, this idea was a combination of Azuma House’s front wall and Wall House 2’s symbolic wall and in my opinion, it was kind of related each other. I analyzed the Azuma House by Tadao Ando as the front facade of the structure appears to be closed for the blocks the relation with outside. In detail, it is related with environment actually because the environment is in the downtown and very dense so, the front facade generated by the problem. In my proposal, there was no similar problem or any site conditions as well but I thought that merging them for the purpose of creating a similar identity could be a reference from both them. However, taking a particular part of the structure and applying it in the same manner, could be a very formal reference as well. So derivation of those two references had two main purposes which were blocking the front facade of the structure like in Azuma House and giving an identity the symbolic wall. These two main purposes were not matching the branching configuration of Kaufmann House but in the stage, I tried to make some design actions which help me to merge them in a logical and working manner. Additionally, I worked on Villa Savoye by Le Corbusier like everyone else in the studio. And I focused on the ramps specifically because the ramps are not just circulation elements in the Villa Savoye. It has a certain spatial quality which is transition part between exterior and interior. Actually, it is kind of between space inside and outside. So, I thought that this spatial feature can create a very strong relation in the branching configuration, especially between wings. Stage I was like the preparation for the next step!
I started with Kaufmann House again and pinwheel/branching idea. The relation between Core and the wings is in the similar approach and this relation controlled by the circulation elements. The pinwheel configuration creates a very closer relation between the structure and landscape. However, the structure is not a single body and it is very heavy. Also, the core is not integrated with the wings, the core is so distinguishable. I want to remove this certain quality from the core because the integration does not depend on one specific thing and make it more like a single body or a whole. I think I like more minimalist approaches. So, I decided to search more examples about the pinwheel configuration.
For the start, I tried to produce a variation and asked particular questions such as ‘what if wings rotate and shift from the core?’. It was very helpful because the rotation and shifting operations were tools to decrease the distinguishable feature of the core and to increase the relation between the wings and the core. Somehow the core loses identity and integrates with the wings.
I started to search some real examples and met with Silocenter Sports and Leisure Center by Neostudio Architekci + BPT Jeplinski. There are not particular wings in the structure because of the circular form. Additionally, the core have certain features and it is obvious in here too but there could have 3 different parts which surround the core. My analyze is mainly the core still has distinguishable property and somehow connects itself with the parts. However, I do not want to refer it because all my research depends on the wings and obviously I could not adopt to the circular form.
So, I kept searching about pinwheel configuration and met with CML House by Ricardo Torrejon + Arturo Chadwick. I very much like the minimalistic approach here. In the pinwheel configuration of CML House generated by the intersection of two volumes. It has four wings and the wings have the same orientation and same relation with the core. However, the core does not have certain borders as well (in the diagram is not like this). The core did adopt itself with the wings and have a very strong relation with the wings in the way that a part of the branches and, the wings could act as a core. So, I decided to refer CML House’s general spatial configuration.
Also, in the CML House, there is an outside space actually it is not completely outside which could reference for Villa Savoye’s ramps because in my opinion they have similar qualities. Also, I tried to derivate this certain quality to something similar and I called isolated space. In this stage, I had no reference for the isolated space. So, I tried to work on it and produced couples of plans. Also, I tried to add some new parameters like topography to initiate new relations and to find a relation between landscape and isolated space. Also, about the thickness of the wall needs an explanation probably. Actually, I tried to refer Azuma House’s walls because Ando played with wall thickness, especially in the front facade. So I did refer to it but I ‘used’ same articulation with Azuma House and it was kind of formal thing.
In this stage, I re-analyzed the pinwheel configuration started with Kaufmann House and I realized that the circulation elements are also part of the wings so I tried to derivate this quality in a different manner such as ‘What if the circulation elements are outside spaces like in Koshino House?’. Next step was re-study of CML House. I created a variation of CML House’s plan and tried to discover some new relations between the wings and the core for this I used different operations such as playing with height and width of the volumes and cut up the volumes. In this operations, I also tried to identify the spaces like ‘Isolation Space’, ‘The Core’ and ‘Output Space’. Output space was kind of roof terrace between two volumes. However, I could not study this relation and I had no reference too so the next will be about identified and re-define this space. CML House study was very helpful because, in my opinion, I re-defined the definition of the spaces.
Actually, Koshino House by Tadao Ando was the major reference for this stage because the identification of ‘Isolation Space’ was created by the relation of landscape and two volumes of Koshino House. So, there is two parallel mass in the Koshino House and I started to analyze with a relation between two volumes each other and the landscape. The relation between two volumes has an outside space which is the main circulation element between masses so I re-named the space as a core because it has some kind of relation between masses like in the Kaufmann House’s the heart. The next step was the understand the relation between masses and environment. Each mass has an isolation space which is generated by the nearby environment such as trees. I defined the isolation space as a kind of private space or close to outside. In the Koshino House is in the city center and the isolation spaces are providing an outside space privacy for the users. So I tried to refer this quality in my proposal. I draw Koshino House’s plan in a very undetailed way and tried to produce variations of it. The key point was re-created the Koshino House by using the idea of pinwheel configuration. So the question was ‘ What if Kaufmann House designed by Tadao Ando?’. Also, I worked with plans and sections and tried to adopt the configuration adding new parameters such as topography.
Recently, we are talking about quotation, translation, referring and sampling which all related with understanding references. In this sketch problem, an expectation was producing a 3D model which refers a specific case and I did quote from Double House by MVRDV. My quotation is about the front facade of Double House which is related to the idea of subdivision.
Recently, I was working on some case study and expected to generate collage and collage-model of those studies. Also, I had two keywords to generate a certain approach or theme which were ‘leaping from edges’ and ‘dominate under-handedly’. Actually, the keywords were considered as an initiator but it was very harsh for me because the keywords were not exactly meaningful so expected to create a particular approach for nine different houses. So I started with some general and detail information about the houses and architects as well.
Leaping from edges: I define the keyword as a fragmentation which generates boxes with a different function and also I thought that re-form the initial bound with the division of the single box.
Dominate under-handedly: I thought that the keywords control the fragmentation and multiplying of boxes which is the deeper idea rather than obvious.
Le Corbusier Villa, Stein was the first step of my research.
”understanding of the organisms inside the rigid packing, absolutely pure”
”…in the staircases and curved walls considered by Le Corbusier as compressed bodies”
I was curious about rigid packing idea (may be obsessive manner) and too much focused that cubism theory, I locked in and started to define and search this idea on the other houses too.
Richard Neutra, Kaufmann House
I considered Kaufmann House as fragmentation and multiplying of a single box for the different purpose because the center of the house is the living room and the dining room that is the heart of house and family activity and the rest of house branches out like a pinwheel with has an own specific function. Also, user and environmental conditions, in my opinion, linked with the Villa Stein. Neutra said that about Kaufmann House surroundings ”the weather, the silver-white moonlight, and the starry sky”. Generally, the space divided by horizontal planes and the only vertical element is the rooftop space and the living area ‘core’ served as a hub and the pinwheel so stated that the four arms with one volume rooms. To sum up, I linked Villa Stein and Kaufmann House on the idea of fragmentation of single box.
Charles and Ray Eames, Eames House
Charles described the house as ”unselfconscious”
I wanted to say that Eames House is the house of list of houses. Again, the idea of box occurred too because two boxes serve different functions which one is for residence and the other one is a studio. Also, the use of materials on the interior bring the residence closer to nature, giving the appearance of the house resting softly on the earth. I liked to idea of two boxes for different purposes such as public and private spaces are naturally defined by what is easily visible and also there is no major division between two boxes. Also, facade reminded me Mondrian’s work because the house is an unrolling scroll of a Mondrian painting. So I did stuck idea of boxes with different functions.
MVRDV, Double House
Double House designed for two families and extremely beautiful facade. Basically, the house simple vertical subdivision of the volume and tied together in a box of glass and wood. One living room occupies entire first floor and another one occupies the second floor. Also, front view of the house shared equally by two families and has two different entrances.
In this point, I think to represent the collage work which is not exactly collage but collage-ish works like a presentation sheet.
As I said, I was preparing identification of idea with some visuals instead of collage work and of course after studio session critics it was heart-breaker time.
In this step, Studio expected to a 3D Collage Model in the way that same approach with the collage work. So, I define a core or heart part which group of two different elements and than the other parts created by core in the way that leaping from the edges (moves and create an extension) and overlapping with the same elements. The other parts have different relations with the core like in the collage work.
In the third step, I re-analysed the cases to define a certain approach. So I re-categorized them according to users and environmental relation. In this point Villa Stein is the initiator point for me because users of the house wanted to get away from noisy central Paris and move a healthy surroundings. Therefore, I considered Villa Stein is a something like isolation from people. Like Tadao Ando’s idea about the house which house is the place that works as an isolation from outside environment and creates a specific environment to develop itself with needs of users. So I categorized Villa Stein as an isolation group with Kaufmann House and Eames House. The concepts of isolation occur in Kaufmann House as well because house provides privacy inside the house but also a comfortable outside space too. And also as location, it is very close to a desert and which gives freedom and isolation too. Eames House is specifically designed for the two different function and between two boxes, there is courtyard space which kind of linker part for two boxes and environment. The other category for the cases is in-isolation which I define as a privacy inside the house but it is not completed separation of the outside too. For example, Double House by MVRDV. (I like very much this building in the first step because of a sketch about the form of the building.) Double House designed for two family users in the downtown of Utrecht/ HOLLAND. Somehow (impressively) designed the house very generic and linked with environment too (front facade). So final category defined by combination of first and second category. I could not name it but as a definition this category absolute division between outside environment and inner space. So I done some researches and met with Row House also known as Azuma House as well. Row House made throughout of exposed concrete and downtown district of Osaka. Ando’ attitude was very clearly an axially symmetrical composition so entire site has been divided longitudinally into three parts. It was very brilliant idea to block and interrupt the relation with outside environment and gives an isolation space inside the house. (Additional information about Azuma House, for the purpose of isolation, weight of walls are very bold)
As a final step, I re-thinked about the approach in my previous and got some ideas in lecture hour too. Sampling, referring and translation are one of the important keywords about the assignment. In this step, I produced a collage and 3D Collage Model with same approach with the previous steps. I thought that similar conditions related with each other and actually they are referring each other unconsciously. For example, Villa Stein’s front facade and back facade are different from each other because back facade somehow is more close to nature and represent itself with the scale of openings. However, back facade of Villa Stein and Kaufmann rear facade qualities are in the same approach like both of them opens to landscape and creates isolated spaces from outside space. Also, Kaufmann House street facade and Row House front facade is very much similar because both of them closed to relation with outside. Generally, I tried to focus on referring parts and how relate each other. Actually, in general manner there is a same approach with the Step II.
Final step of 3D Collage Model, I tried to apply a different strategy which is grouping idea. Basically, groups are different from each other in the way that using elements differently and their relationship. Groups were produced seperately but I had idea of murged them together.
In the Group I, there is a box which produced by overlapping two different elements and this mass (I define as a core which dominate the main movements) extent itself in particular edges. The extension part creates (white elements) a different mass which creates some spaces with the relation of two different elements. I wanted to create some same encloser but as a definition of space very little and barerly connects with Group II, so I wanted to be more isolated and stands itself.
In the Group II, there is similar approach as a strategy with Group I but there is a certain differentiation in the relations with elements and Group I because Group II extends itself to Group I and creates some spaces.
After a necessary vacation, we are starting to little sketch problems such as this one. My question was ‘what if The Red House by William Morris was designed by SANAA. Firstly, I have done some research for the background because such a question requires an information about characteristic features about The Red House and SANAA architecture firm. So, The Red House was designed as a family home in first place but now it is using as Arts and Crafts Museum in Southeast England. The significant of this building is about the L-shaped plan and also the house reflects William Morris ideas about the community at that time. The Red House is the example of Tudor Gothic Style which identifies itself with historicizing elements so clearly there are some certain qualities about the building but of course with limited time I could not create a certain plan about it but I have some ideas.
If you want to detail indormation about Arts and Crafts Museum, check it out
About SANAA, I had a lot of research and I said that I wish to meet them last term because they have amazing works and styles. SANAA is a multiple award-winning architecture firm which created by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishiwaza. They have a lot of amazing works but I just looked some their well-knowns works and tried to understand their style. And Grace Farms and Serpentine Pavilion are quite interesting and I tried to read the author’s ideas about the projects and clearly they are very much interest in extensive use of glass which is quite different than others such as they want to create reflections which creates a different experience. Also, as I read in the magazines, they concern with aesthetics. Additionally SANAA is synonymous with contemporary Japanese architecture and their purpose not just looking good structure, they are also concerning about shaping and changing our daily life. Also, they do not want to create strict boundaries between spaces and they prefer layered spaces with no clear boundaries.
SANAA official website: http://www.sanaa.co.jp/
Official website of Grace Farms: http://gracefarms.org/
The article in the archdaily about Grace Farms: http://www.archdaily.com/775319/grace-farms-sanaa
Here is my quick response and first draft of the ‘what if’ question. I am working on it right now so ‘Stay tuned for my next post’