Report:Early Communities

This post is about prehistoric period of humans and their way of lives in terms of architectural sense. I read particular parts of A Global History of Architecture book. Firstly, early culture is quite important to understand societies, so domestication of animals and plants are one of the main parts of settled life. Therefore, people were hunting and farming and, those methods and techniques past to generation to generation. In that same manner ”architecture, like civilization itself, was born in our prehistory.” So it is very long process to achieve current informations. Paleolithic humans was starting to do paintings on caves for the purpose for that probably they wanted to make a track.

plaeolithic-hand-from-lascaux-france                                                   Paleolithic hand from  Lascaux, France

There is museum in there included the original cave but visitors do not access to original cave. The museum is Lascaux 4 Caves Museum by Sonhetta, if you want more informations about that museum, you should visit lascaux.fieldmusem.org and snohetta.com

Mesopotamia is significant for understand prehistory. So, one of the main topic is Mesopotamia communities. Again, they were farming which using Tigris and Euphrates river and they were living upper hills. Houses were like shelter and built by using mud and timber. Therefore they created walls of various heights and there were some decoration such as gypsum plaster. Also trade was not only used locally so Mesopotamia area became the largest network of villages and cities in world in that time(5000-3500 BC).

”Tigris and Euphrates region as the birth place of urban civilization.” That’s why this area is very important.

Also, Gobekli Tepe is very popular right now, because probably it will change all system. Gobekli has circular dry stone up to 3 metres tall and kind of open air temple. That’s why it is quite important because before Gobekli Tepe, archeologist thought that in the prehistory first come sheltering needs after than religious needs but Gobekli Tepe has opposite one. Pillars of the Gobekli Tepe showed detalied reliefs of many animals. Gobekli Tepe abandoned around 4000 BC and carefully filled the site with earth and no one knows why.

Catalhoyuk 7400-3000BC, Catalhoyuk is in central Analotia and also center of metal trade such as obsidian, volcanic glass as a decorations. A city was nearby a river and lake. In the city there was no street and no passageways. House do not entrance, there was a opening on flat roof and there was one large room connected with smaller rooms. And similarly there were some decorations such as hunting scene, textile patterns etc.

Stone Circles, England, aorund 4000BC, there were tomb structures which has three upright slaps like U shape. There were two types of stone circles which were open sky or surronded. Also, those tombs built by local stones, and most probably using for the burials or cremations. One of the most amazing stone circles at Aveburg, England. In this stone circle, there is certain composition, pattern which occur by circular structure (almost 1100 standing stones) and for the compare to other stone circles Aveburg is very impressive.

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