Space and Structure: Report

This text is about ‘Space and Structure’ part of Analysing Architecture book written by Simon Unwin.

”The relationship between space and structure is not always simple and straightforward; it is subject to different approaches.” These approaches are mainly seperated as a two different idea which are choose structural strategy to create a space and decide on the planes and provide with structure. Additionally, there are three main relationship between space and structure which are dominant structural order, dominant spatial order and the harmonic ones.

In the history of architecture, have been create a conviction which is the structure is the basic design element and tool to create space in specific geometric order. For example, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, built by S. Sophia, spaces created by using pattern of structure which means the places are identified by the structue. The other similar example is cathedral of Notre Dame which was built by the french architect Auguste Percet in 1922. There is similar relationships between those two example in terms of using structure to create the places. A general fundemental idea is traditional architecture is more likely simple, basic and not having a complexity in terms of created spaces, and as group traditional architecture joins dominant structural order. On the other hand, the architects in twentieth century, had an idea to create complexity with using overlay of different geometries and that did create structural pattern is complex and additionally spatial organisation is also complex too. Another different idea was seperate the structural order from spatial organisation. In this manner there are some couple of good example, first one is a small house on Long Island, New York, built by the architects Kocher and Frey in 1935. This house particulary contains the idea of Le Corbusier’s the principle which is ”Dom-Ino”. That’s means in a basic sense, the planing of buildings could be free of the laws, rules or limits of structural geometry by the use of coloums supporting horizontal platforms and which provides a movable and optionable spaces for the living people and the privacy is not defined by coloums, defined by using movable screens which provide the people make personal spaces as their needs. Also Mies van der Rohe worked on this topic, one of the best know example is Barcelona Pavilion. In this, the architect was totaly free and created spaces with specific purposes with using only solid and transparent walls.

This is my report of Space and Structure, here links of couple example which are mentioned in my report:

The detail information about Hagia Sophia:

The architect Simon Unwin, the author of the Analysing Architecture much more information:

The biography of Mies van der Rohe:

The biography of Le Corbusier:


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