This post is about my first jury and pictures are the views of my prejury model. Actually, it was very exciting but at the same time it was nervous situation because we were waiting in the studio and there was always chance of be next one. However, my turn came the last hour of prejury time and I was before the last presenter and I felt 100 percent the stress all the prejury time. About the feedbacks, there were some certain points mainly talked about in the jury time which were layering system, grid and some order. Layering condition was main problem for my model and I have to get rid of taking references with same order which creates grid system. That’s why layering issue and grid system are connected each other and I should focus on these parts.
This is my indivual report of Ornament and Crime Essay.
The essay written by Adolf Franz Karl Viktor Maria Loos. He was an Austrian and Czechoslovak architect. Also he was a pioneer of modern architecture and contributed theory which is critism of Modernism in architecture and design. In his early career, at age 23, traveled to United States and this journey was changed all his life. After associating himself with the Vienna Secession and he rejected the style and advocated a new, obivious and unadorned (which means without unnecessary or special decorations). As a result he wrote his most famous essay which is Ornament and Crime in 1908 and published in 1913.
To beginning, I want to give dictionary definition couple of words:
Ornament: a small object that you keep in your house because it is beatiful rather than useful.
Papuan People: who are the people of New Guinea and neighbouring islands.
Ulititarian: to be useful and practical rather than attractive
Firstly, the author gives some historical examples from the beginning of humanity and main purpose is explaining the ornament with using three different example. In the first one, The Papuan kills his enemies and eat them but in his age, he is not a criminal. However, if the modern man kills someone, he is a criminal or a degenerate. Another example is about tattoos. The papuan tattoos his skins, his boat, his paddles, in short everything he can lay hands on but in the end he is not a criminal. However, the modern people who tattoos himself is either a criminal or a degenerate. (according to 80 percent of inmates show tattoos) The last and most generic example is about art. The Papuan begins art with plastic art which is painting and smears the walls with erotic symbols but he is not a criminal in his age. On the other hand, if the man of our day (talking about 20th century) smears the walls with erotic symbols, he is a criminal or a degenerate. All this example gives a certain end point which is ornament produced by criminals.
Secondly, the author gives some points on cultural evolution about how is affect by ornament issue. Adolf Loss had made the following discovery: ”The evolution of culture is synonymous with the removal of ornament from ulititarian objects.” In the essay, gives some couples examples about that discovery and give some obsevartion about evolution of culture such as every age has it own style which means people meant ornament. The greatness lies of our age, that is incapable of producing a new ornament. We have outgrown ornament; we have fought our way through the freedoom from ornament. Loos gives specific an observation about evolution of culture which is ”The speed of cultural evolution reduced by the straggers.” For example, I perhaps am living in 1908, but my neighbour is living in 1900 and the man across the way in 1880. Those stragglers people from 19th century horrified by a picture with purple shadows because they cannot see purple. To generalize, same issue is in everywhere. Another example is if cigarette case has an ornament, they are prefering generally or clothes are in same problem category, all of those ornament objects belong to past century.
Lastly, the author gives some examples economical effects of ornament. Adolf Loos: ”The stragglers slow down the cultural evolution of the nations of mankind; not only is ornament produced by criminals but also a crime is committed through the fact that ornament inflicts serious injury on people’s health, on the national budget and hence on cultural evolution.” And Loss gives some couple of examples about effects on economically in ornament issue. For example, if two people live side by side with the same needs, the same demands on life and the same income but belonging to different cultures. Economical conditions will process that way, the modern man who belongs to 20th century, will get richer and richer. On the other hand, the 18th century man poorer and poorer. Because the ornamenter has to work 20 hours to achieve the income earned by a modern worker in eight. According to Loos the difference from the Bristish nation is same condition with this. The American workers work for eight hours, but half of the work belongs to ornament issue. If there were no ornament at all, man would only have to work four hours instead of eight. That’s why ornament is wasted labour power and hence wasted health from beginning of it.
Since ornament is no longer linked with our culture and it is no longer expression of our culture. The ornamenter will reject his own products after a while. For example, where are Otto Eckmann’s work today? Also modern ornamentalist is a straggler and in the end they have no roots with past and not will be link for the future. As a result; ” A mankind is healthier than, ever; only a few people are sick.”
For understand better I want to give my favourite and best example about ornament issue in Ornament and Crime Essay. My shoes are covered all over with ornaments, work by the shoemaker. I go to the shoemaker and say: ”You ask thirty kronen for a pair of shoes. I will pay you forty kronen.” In that situation, the shoemaker is happy. However, the hapiness rarely enters his house. Because I am understanding him, I know the value of his shoe, I know how many hours work on it and I know he is a professional on this job and his shoes are infinitely better in terms of material. As I mean, there is no doubt for the price of shoe, I know the value of his work but many people do not give money he asked for the work. And I say to him: ” But there is one condition. The shoes must be completely smooth.” With this, without ornament, his working hours reduce a half of it.
Finally, Ornament and Crime Essay is completely wonderful and, Adolf Loos’ essay would be fundemental to Bauhaus design studio and would define the ideology of Modernism in Architecture. In my opinion, the essay is so dense, I read twice some parts but argumentative language is the main and key factor for the this essay. The essay gives some examples of cultural evolution and economical situations which created by ornament. Honestly, I could not understand completely some examples which are more about historical events and relationships between crime. On the other hand, economical and cultural examples are just perceft for his age and observation are so precious, the reason for that the essay be a fundemental for Bauhaus. To sum up, I completely agree with Adolf Loos ideas and as a beginner in education of architecture the essay gives to perceft educational informations about design.
This is my orthographic drawing of can opener. Actually, it is first experince for me such a complex tool and it was very difficult because details of object has to be calculate and afterall calculation has to be right for projection. And, we had a only one single can opener which was the most problematic issue. Firstly, orthographic projection has two main rules which are right perception ‘which means using paper as a right way in terms of top,rear and rear view’ and reference lines. I did place it as a top view on top-left side and reference lines shifted from this part. Line quality is another important issue and reference lines should be more lighter with using hard pencils.
This is my first drawing and the hardest one. Source image was given and asked to produce a drawing only using horizontal or vertical lines. In this work, there are some crucial points which has to condiser very carefully. First one is clean sheet because there are thousands of lines and we have to use the paper from left-top part to upper parts which some how prevents the dirtiest of paper. Another issue is pencil choose and actually it is the key factor of this work because some details like shadows has to draw with soft pencil to give right perception. And also hard pencils are quite important to give details of some empty places. That’s why lines quality is very important for this work also the space between lines are also pretty important. I worked on this project approximately 7 seven hours, it was very hard to focus on those couple of important things.
These are my first hard copy collages. First one is completely wrong because I was thinking on other topics rather than create references system using with only horizontal or vertical text or picture. Text and picture are not important for the collage but some how it should compose as a whole which is my second work. In my second collage, I did focus on create a references system which provided by using text and picture with together. In that case important thing is there should not be any gap between two parts. Another design element should be alignment which provided by putting elements one to another as a strict line. So this is the process of my hard copy collage.
This text is about ‘Space and Structure’ part of Analysing Architecture book written by Simon Unwin.
”The relationship between space and structure is not always simple and straightforward; it is subject to different approaches.” These approaches are mainly seperated as a two different idea which are choose structural strategy to create a space and decide on the planes and provide with structure. Additionally, there are three main relationship between space and structure which are dominant structural order, dominant spatial order and the harmonic ones.
In the history of architecture, have been create a conviction which is the structure is the basic design element and tool to create space in specific geometric order. For example, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, built by S. Sophia, spaces created by using pattern of structure which means the places are identified by the structue. The other similar example is cathedral of Notre Dame which was built by the french architect Auguste Percet in 1922. There is similar relationships between those two example in terms of using structure to create the places. A general fundemental idea is traditional architecture is more likely simple, basic and not having a complexity in terms of created spaces, and as group traditional architecture joins dominant structural order. On the other hand, the architects in twentieth century, had an idea to create complexity with using overlay of different geometries and that did create structural pattern is complex and additionally spatial organisation is also complex too. Another different idea was seperate the structural order from spatial organisation. In this manner there are some couple of good example, first one is a small house on Long Island, New York, built by the architects Kocher and Frey in 1935. This house particulary contains the idea of Le Corbusier’s the principle which is ”Dom-Ino”. That’s means in a basic sense, the planing of buildings could be free of the laws, rules or limits of structural geometry by the use of coloums supporting horizontal platforms and which provides a movable and optionable spaces for the living people and the privacy is not defined by coloums, defined by using movable screens which provide the people make personal spaces as their needs. Also Mies van der Rohe worked on this topic, one of the best know example is Barcelona Pavilion. In this, the architect was totaly free and created spaces with specific purposes with using only solid and transparent walls.
This is my report of Space and Structure, here links of couple example which are mentioned in my report:
The detail information about Hagia Sophia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia#Architecture
The architect Simon Unwin, the author of the Analysing Architecture much more information:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Unwin
The biography of Mies van der Rohe:http://www.biography.com/people/ludwig-mies-van-der-rohe-9407940
The biography of Le Corbusier:http://www.biography.com/people/le-corbusier-9376609
This is my first photography composition. I worked with three different variable objects which were frames,lighting conditions and positions. I chose Bera Hotel which is located in Kızılay/Ankara. It has a certain centre location between TED university and Kurtuluş Park which brings almost perceft for this work. Here is my composition:
First Variable Object; Frame:
In first photo, it’s taken by a certain angle for the best view and taken at approximately 12 a.m. Additionally there are some trees and traffic lambs which are breaking the whole composition because if you want to get rid of those objects, you have to zoom it or change the position of the camera but at both situation probably will lose of information. That’s why I chose this position and this building for the frame issue.
Second Issue; Light:
The second photo taken at 11 p.m. and gave me perceft light,ng condition because in the first photo there are no spot light and full of sun light but in this %100 opposite of it. Additionally, some unwanted elements do not completely interrupt the view. To sum up, this photo taken by lighgting condition and as a purpose it did bring the some differences.
Last object; Position:
Third photo is taken by that issue and taken by at the same lighting conditions in the first photo. I used about perpendicular angle for this case and I wanted to create a different view of the building.
Finally, it was very beatiful work for me and at the end of composition I felt almost examine the three different variable issues and that’s why I called the composition of threee different variable.